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12月英语四级仔细阅读原文及答案解析(文都)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新浪教育        发布时间:2014-12-25 08:06:46
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以下是12月大学英语四级仔细阅读原文及答案解析(文都版):

  [原文]

  Passage 1

  New Yorkers, albeit many of themgrudgingly, are gradually getting used to more pedaling passengers on thoseblazing blue Citi Bikes.But whatabout local bike shops? Is Citi Bike rolling up riders at their expense ? AtGotham Bikes in Tribeca, a manager who gave his name as “Ben W。” said the shophas seen an increase in its overall sales due to the bike-share program。

  “It’s getting more people on the road, more peoplelearning about the sport and getting involved,” he said。

  An employee at Danny’s Cycles in Gramercy said Citi Bikeis a good option for people to ease into biking in a city famed for its vehicularcongestion and aggressive drivers。

  “They can try out a bike without committing to buyingone,” James Ryan said. “It makes a more comfortable biking environment in the citybecause there are a lot more bikes, too。”

  Business at Danny’s Cycles has increased as well sincethe advent of bike-share。

  “A lot of people come in for bike gear, and we’ve sold alot of helmets,” he noted。

  Rentals are not a big part of the business at eitherGotham Bikes or Danny’s Cycles. But for Frank’s Bike Shop, a small businessthat has been at its current Lower East Side location on Grand St. since1976,the bike-share program has been bad news. Owner Frank Arroyo said that hisrental business has decreased by 90 percent since the Citi Bikes were rolledout last month。

  Arroyo’s main rental customers are European tourists, ademographic that has since been drawn away by Citi Bikes. Initially, a bike-sharestation was sited a few doors away from Frank’s Bike Shop on the corner ofGrand and Henry Sts. But a petition onmoveon.org to relocate the bike stationgathered more than 1,000 signatures. The Citi Bike dock was eventually removed— but only temporarily, according to the Citi Bike Twitter account, for utilityconstruction in the street。

  “I was grateful, and it was quite an honor to see howmany people responded on my behalf,” Arroyo said of the petition effort. “It wasreally nice to see that people care. But they have flooded the place withthem,” he said of the Department of Transportation, which installs the bikeracks。

  Removing one station does little since the area isoverloaded with Citi Bike stations, said Arroyo。

  “If you put it in front of a hotel, customers are goingto walk of the hotel and use it,” he said。

  However, Ben said the bike-share is good for bike salesat his shop。

  “People have used the bike-share and realized how greatit is to bike in the city, then decide that they want something nicer for themselves,”he noted。

  Christian Farrell of Waterfront Bicycle Shop, on West St.just north of Christopher St., said initially he was concerned about bike-share,though, he admitted, “I was happy to see people on bikes。”

  Consisting of equal parts tourists and locals, hiscustomers get a better rental deal at his shop because, despite charging only$10for a daily rental, the bike-share program requires cyclists to check theirbikes in at a bike station every half hour. His store, on the other hand,charges $10 for the first hour, $5 for the second, and $2.50 per hour afterthat。

  “Six hours with Waterfront Bicycle Shop will cost acustomer $25,” he said. “With Citi Bike, a six-hour rental will cost $126 [ifthe rider doesn’t re-dock his or her bike at a station every half hour]. Ourrentals always include a helmet, a basket and a lock。”

  Several dozen rental bikes were lined up on Weehawken St.last Sunday behind the store. Benny, who was watching over them, said anotheradvantage over the Citi Bikes is that Waterfront’s bikes are all in goodworking order。

  Farrell’s early concerns were echoed by Andrew Crooks,owner of NYCVelo, at 64 Second Ave。

  “It seemed like a great idea, but one that would bedifficult to implement,” Crooks said of Citi Bike. He said he worried about inexperiencedriders’ lack of awareness of biking rules and backlash from non-cyclists.However, he said, it’s still too early to tell if his business has beenimpacted。

  The actual Citi Bikes themselves have been criticized as“heavy,” “clunky,” even “ugly。” In comparison, Crooks said NYC Velo has bikesthat are “lighter, faster and tend to be more comfortable。” Farrell ofWaterfront also said his bikes are of “better quality” than the bike-sharetwo-wheelers。

  While it’s possible bike-share will cause a drop inbusiness in the long run, Crooks allowed that the idea, as a whole, is good forthe city。

  [原文解读]

  该文节选自The Villager,原题目为Bike store owners put theirspin on new bike-share,题材为议论文。主要内容是花旗自行车共享计划的推出给自行车商店带来了一定的影响。有些商家的自行车销售量因此而上升,市民也觉得在城市里骑车非常棒。但对于一些小规模的店家来说,花旗自行车共享计划的推出使得他们的自行车租赁量大幅减少。但总体来说,自行车商店对花旗自行车还是持积极态度的。

    

本文整体难度较小,多为信息定位题,考生切记忌主观臆断,一定要有据可依,做题时回到原文找对应信息,做到心中有数。

  [题目解析]

  56.【B】 Whether local bike shopswill suffer. (细节定位题)

  定位到第一段前两句

  57.【C】 It saw its bike sales on therise。(细节定位题)

  根据大写人名Gotham定位在第一段的第三行

  58. 【B】 Its customers have been drawn away by Citi Banks。(细节定位题)

  根据大写名词Frank’s Bike Shop定位到原文第二段第三行

  59. 【A】 Inexperienced riders might break biking rules。(细节定位题)

  根据题干关键词定位到文章第五段第三句

  60. 【D】 Approving。(态度题)

  根据题干关键词定位在最后一段。

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