Part ⅠListening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the question and the conversation will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
You will read:
A) 2 hours
B) 3 hours
C) 4 hours
D) 5 hours
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 clock in the morning and have to finish by 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) "5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
1. A) Dick’s trousers don’t match his jacket.
B) Dick looks funny in that yellow jacket.
C) The color of Dick’s jacket is too dark.
D) Dick has bad taste in clothes.
2. A) Call the police station.
B) Get the wallet for the man.
C) Show the man her family pictures.
D) Ask to see the man’s driver’s license.
3. A) The temperature is not as high as the man claims.
B) The room will get cool if the man opens the windows.
C) She is following instructions not to use the air-conditioning.
D) She is afraid the new epidemic SARS will soon spread all over town.
4. A) She lost a lot of weight in two years.
B) She stopped exercising two years ago.
C) She had a unique way of staying healthy.
D) She was never persistent in anything she did.
5. A) The man is not suitable for the position.
B) The job has been given to someone else.
C) She had received only one application letter.
D) The application arrived a week earlier than expected.
6. A) He’s unwilling to fetch the laundry.
B) He has already picked up the laundry.
C) He will go before the laundry closed.
D) He thinks his mother should get the clothes back.
7. A) At a shopping center.
B) At an electronics company.
C) At an international trade fair.
D) At a DVD counter in a music store.
8. A) The woman hated the man talking throughout the movie.
B) The woman saw a comedy instead of a horror movie.
C) The woman prefers light movies before sleep.
D) The woman regrets going to the movie.
9. A) He is the right man to get the job done.
B) He is a man with professional expertise.
C) He is not easy to get along with.
D) He is not likely to get the job.
10. A) It is being forced out of the entertainment industry.
B) It should change its concept of operation.
C) It should revolutionize its technology.
D) It is a very good place to relax.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. Then listen to the passage again. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For the blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Remember that this is a vocational training institute. We train you so that you can take up a ___S1___ kind of job. So it is important that you know the main ___S2___ of the jobs, what the work is like and what kind of qualities you need to ___S3___at them. A Physical Fitness Instructor works in health and fitness centers preparing ___S4___ programs for ordinary member of the public. Physical Fitness Instructors prepare ___S5___ of exercise to suit the individual clients’ age and level of fitness. Sports ___S6___ run clubs and sporting associations. Their duties include such things as booking playing fields with local ___S7___ and organizing the schedule of games or vents for the club, so they need good organizational skills. Sports Psychologists spend time with professional athletes helping them _________________S8____________________. They do this by improving motivation and concentration or assisting with stress management. Physical Education or PE teachers _______________________S9_______________________. PE teachers help the development of coordination, balance, posture, and flexibility with things like simple catching and throwing skills. They are not expected to be exerts in all sports, __________________________________S10___________________________________.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single ling through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
It was the worst tragedy in maritime (航海的) history, six times more deadly than the Titanic. When the German cruise ship Wilhelm Gustloff was hit by torpedoes (鱼雷) fired from a Russian submarine in the final winter of World War II, more than 10,00 0 people - mostly women, children and old people fleeing the final Red Army push into Nazi Germany - were packed aboard. An ice storm had turned the decks into frozen sheets that sent hundreds of families sliding into the sea as the ship tilted and began to go down. Others desperately tried to put lifeboats down. Some who succeeded fought off those in the water who had the strength to try to claw their way aboard. Most people froze immediately. I’ll never forget the screams," says Christa Ntitzmann, 87, one of the 1,200 survivors. She recalls watching the ship, brightly lit, slipping into its dark grave - and into seeming nothingness, rarely mentioned for more than half a century.
Now Germany's Nobel Prize-winning author Gtinter Grass has revived the memory of the 9,000 dead, including more than 4,000 children - with his latest novel Crab Walk, published last month. The book, which will be out in English next year, doesn't dwell on the sinking; its heroine is a pregnant young woman who survives the catastrophe only to say later: "Nobody wanted to hear about it, not here in the West (of Germany) and not at all in the East." The reason was obvious. As Grass put it in a recent interview with the weekly Die Woche: "Because the crimes we Germans are responsible for were and are so dominant, we didn't have the energy left to tell of our own sufferings.''
The long silence about the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff was probably unavoidable - and necessary. By unreservedly owning up to their country's monstrous crimes in the Second World War, Germans have managed to win acceptance abroad, marginalize ( 使...不得势 ) the neo- Nazis at home and make peace with their neighbors. Today's unified Germany is more prosperous and stable than at any time in its long, troubled history. For that, a half century of willful forgetting about painful memories like the German Titanic was perhaps a reasonable price to pay. But even the most politically correct Germans believe that they' ye now earned the right to discuss the full historical record. Not to equate German suffering with that of its victims, but simply to acknowledge a terrible tragedy.
21. Why does the author say the sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff was the worst tragedy in maritime history?
A) It was attacked by Russian torpedoes.
B) Most of its passengers were frozen to death.
C) Its victims were mostly women and children.
D) It caused the largest number of casualties.
22. Hundreds of families dropped into the sea when ________.
A) a strong ice storm tilted the ship
B) the cruise ship sank all of a sudden
C) the badly damaged ship leaned toward one side
D) the frightened passengers fought desperately for lifeboats
23. The Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy was little talked about for more than half a century because Germans ________.
A) were eager to win international acceptance
B) felt guilty for their crimes in World War II
C) had been pressured to keep silent about it
D) were afraid of offending their neighbors
24. How does Gunter Grass revive the memory of the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy?
A) By presenting the horrible scene of the torpedo attack.
B) By describing the ship's sinking in great detail.
C) By giving an interview to the weekly Die Woche.
D) By depicting the survival of a young pregnant woman.
25. It can be learned from the passage that Germans no longer think that ________.
A) they will be misunderstood if they talk about the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy
B) the Wilhelm Gustloff tragedy is a reasonable price to pay for the nation's past misdeeds
C) Germany is responsible for the horrible crimes it committed in World War II
D) it-is wrong to equate their sufferings with those of other countries
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Given the lack of fit between gifted students and their schools, it is not surprising that such students often have little good to say 'about their school experience. In one study of 400 adult who had achieved distinction in all areas of life, researchers found that three-fifths of these individuals either did badly in school or were unhappy in school. Few MacArthur Prize fellows, winners of the MacArthur Award for creative accomplishment, had good things to say about their precollegiate schooling if they had not been placed in advanced programs. Anecdotal ( 名人轶事 ) reports support this. Pablo Picasso, Charles Darwin, Mark Twain, Oliver Gold smith, and William Butler Yeats all disliked school. So did Winston Churchill, who almost failed out of Harrow, an elite British school. About Oliver Goldsmith, one of his teachers remarked, "Never was so dull a boy." Often these children realize that they know more than their teachers, and their teachers often feel that these children are arrogant, inattentive, or unmotivated.
Some of these gifted people may have done poorly in school because their, gifts were not scholastic. Maybe we can account for Picasso in this way. But most fared poorly in school not because they lacked ability but because they found school unchallenging and consequently lost interest. Yeats described the lack of fit between his mind and school: "Because I had found it difficult to attend to anything less interesting than my own thoughts, I was difficult to teach.." As noted earlier, gifted children of all kinds tend to be strong-willed nonconformists. Nonconformity and stubbornness (and Yeats's level of arrogance and self-absorption) are likely to lead to Conflicts with teachers.
When highly gifted students in any domain talk about what was important to the development of their abilities, they are far more likely to mention their families than their schools or teachers. A writing prodigy (神童) studied by David Feldman and Lynn Goldsmith was taught far more about writing by his journalist father than his English teacher. High-IQ children, in Australia studied by Miraca Gross had much more positive feelings about their families than their schools. About half of the mathematicians studied by Benjamin Bloom had little good to say about school. They all did well in school and took honors classes when available, and some skipped grades.
26. The main point the author is making about schools is that ________.
A) they should satisfy the needs of students from different family backgrounds
B) they are often incapable of catering to the needs of talented students
C) they should organize their classes according to the students' ability
D) they should enroll as many gifted students as possible
27. The author quotes the remarks of one of Oliver Goldsmith's teachers ________.
A) to provide support for his argument
B) to illustrate the strong will of some gifted children
C) to explain how dull students can also be successful
D) to show how poor Oliver's performance was at school
28. Pablo Picasso is listed among the many gifted children who ________.
A) paid no attention to their teachers in class
B) contradicted their teachers much too often
C) could not cope with their studies at school successfully
D) behaved arrogantly and stubbornly in the presence of their teachers
29. Many gifted people attributed their success________.
A) mainly to parental help and their education at home
B) both to school instruction and to their parents' coaching
C) more to their parents' encouragement than to school training
D) less to their systematic education than to their talent
30. The root cause of many gifted students having bad memories of their school years is that ________.
A) their nonconformity brought them a lot of trouble
B) they were seldom praised by their teachers
C) school courses failed to inspire or motivate them
D) teachers were usually far stricter than their parents
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Throughout the nation's more than 15,000 school districts, widely differing approaches to teaching science and math have emerged. Though there can be strength in diversity, a new international analysis suggests that this variability has instead contributed to lackluster (平淡的) achievement scores by U.S. children relative to their peers in other developed countries.
Indeed, concludes William H. Schmidt of Michigan State University, who led the new analysis, "no single intellectually coherent vision dominates U.S. educational practice in math or science.'' The reason, he said, "is because the system is deeply and fundamentally flawed."
The new analysis, released this week by the National Science Foundation in Arlington, Va., is based on data collected from about 50 nations as part of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study.
Not only do approaches to teaching science and math vary among individual U.S. communities, the report finds, but there appears to be little strategic focus within a school district’s curricula, its textbooks, or its teachers' activities. This contrasts sharply with the coordinated national programs of most other countries.
On average, U.S. students study more topics within science and math than their international counterparts do. This creates an educational environment that "is a mile wide and an inch deep," Schmidt notes.
For instance, eighth graders in the United States cover about 33 topics in math versus just 19 in Japan. Among science courses, the international gap is even wider. U.S. curricula for this age level resemble those of a small group of countries including Australia, Thailand, Iceland, and Bulgaria. Schmidt asks whether the United States wants to be classed with these nations, whose educational systems "share our pattern of splintered (支离破碎的) visions" but which are not economic leaders.
The new report "couldn't come at a better time," says Gerald Wheeler, executive director of the National Science Teachers Association in Arlington. "The new National Science Education Standards provide that focused vision," including the call "to do less, but in greater depth."
Implementing the new science standards and their math counterparts will be the challenge, he and Schmidt agree, because the decentralized responsibility for education in the United States requires that any reforms be tailored and instituted one community at a time.
In fact, Schmidt argues, reforms such as these proposed national standards "face an almost impossible task, because even though they are intellectually coherent, each becomes only one more voice in the babble (嘈杂声)."
31. According to the passage, the teaching of science and math in America is________.
A) focused on tapping students' potential
B) characterized by its diversity
C) losing its vitality gradually
D) going downhill in recent years
32. The fundamental flaw of American school education is that ________.
A) it lacks a coordinated national program
B) it sets a very low academic standard for students
C) it relies heavily on the initiative of individual teachers
D) it attaches too much importance to intensive study of school subjects
33. By saying that the U.S. educational environment is "a mile wide and an inch deep" (Line 2, Para. 5), the author means U.S. educational practice ________.
A) lays stress on quality at the expense of quantity
B) offers an environment for comprehensive education
C) encourages learning both in depth and in scope
D) scratches the surface of a wide range of topics
34. The new National Science Education Standards are good news in that they will________
A) provide depth to school science education
B) solve most of the problems in school teaching
C) be able to meet the demands of the community
D) quickly dominate U.S. educational practice
35. Putting the new science and math standards into practice will prove difficult because ________.
A) there is always controversy in educational circles
B) not enough educators have realized the necessity for doing so
C) school districts are responsible for making their own decisions
D) many schoolteachers challenge the acceptability of these standards.
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Every fall, like clockwork, Linda Krentz of Beaverton, Oregon, felt her brain go on strike. “ I just couldn’t get going in the morning,” she says. “I’d get depressed and gain 10 pounds every winter and lose them again in the spring.” Then she read about seasonal affective disorder, a form of depression that occurs in fall and winter, and she saw the light-literally. Every morning now she turns on a specially constructed light box for half an hour and sits in front of it to trick her brain into thinking it’s still enjoying those long summer days. It seems to work.
Krentz is not alone. Scientists estimate that 100 million Americans suffer from seasonal depression and 25 million more develop milder versions. But there’s never been definitive proof that treatment with very bright lights makes a difference. After all, it’s hard to do a double-blind test when the subjects can see for themselves whether or not the light is on. That’s why nobody has ever separated the real effects of light therapy from placebo (安慰剂) effects.
Until now. In three separate studies published last month, researchers report not only that light therapy works better than a placebo but that treatment is usually more effective in the early morning than in the evening. In two of the groups, the placebo problem was resolved by telling patients they were comparing light boxes to a new anti-depressant device that emits negatively charged ions (离子). The third used the timing of light therapy as the control.
Why does light therapy work? No one really knows. “Our research suggests it has something to do with shifting the body’s internal clock,” says psychiatrist Dr. Lewey. The body is programmed to start the day with sunrise, he explains, and this gets later as the days get shorter. But why such subtle shifts make some people depressed and not others is a mystery.
That hasn’t stopped thousands of winter depressives from trying to heal themselves. Light boxes for that purpose are available without a doctor’s prescription. That bothers psychologist Michael Terman of Columbia University. He is worried that the boxes may be tried by patients who suffer from mental illness that can’t be treated with light. Terman has developed a questionnaire to help determine whether expert care is needed.
In any event, you should choose a reputable manufacturer. Whatever product you use should emit only visible light, because ultraviolet light damages the eyes. If you are photosensitive (对光敏感的), you may develop a rash. Otherwise, the main drawback is having to sit in front of the light for 30 to 60 minutes in the morning. That’s an inconvenience many winter depressives can live with.
36. What is the probable cause of Krentz’s problem?
A) An unexpected gain in body weight.
B) Unexplained impairment of her nervous system.
C) Weakening of her eyesight with the setting in of winter.
D) Poor adjustment of her body clock to seasonal changes.
37. By saying that Linda Krentz “saw the light” (Line 4, Para. 1), the author means that she _____.
A) learned how to lose weight
B) realized what her problem was
C) came to see the importance of light
D) became light-hearted and cheerful
38. What is the CURRENT view concerning the treatment of seasonal depression with bright lights?
A) Its effect remains to be seen.
B) It serves as a kind of placebo.
C) It proves to be an effective therapy.
D) It hardly produces any effects.
39. What is psychologist Michael Termn’s major concern?
A) Winter depressives will be addicted to using light boxes.
B) No mental patients would bother to consult psychiatrists.
C) Inferior light boxes will emit harmful ultraviolet lights.
D) Light therapy could be misused by certain mental patients.
40. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) Winter depressives prefer light therapy in spite of its inconvenience.
B) Light therapy increases the patient’s photosensitivity.
C) Eye damage is a side effect of light therapy.
D) Light boxes can be programmed to correspond to shifts in the body clock.
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41. It is generally known that New York is a city for____ and a center for odd bits of information.
A) veterans C) pedestrians
B) victims D) eccentrics
42. High grades are supposed to_____ academic ability, but John’s actual performance did not confirm this.
A) certify C) classify
B) clarify D) notify
43. In spite of the _____, it seemed that many of the invited guests would still show up.
A) deviation C) controversy
B) distinction D) comparison
44.The relatives of those killed in the crash got together to seek_____.
A) premium C) repayment
B) compensation D) refund
45. Before we move, we should ____some of the old furniture, so that we can have more room in the new house.
A) discard C) cancel
B) dissipate D) conceal
46. Although he was on a diet, the delicious food ______him enormously.
A) distracted C) inspired
B) stimulated D) tempted
47. The police are trying to ____what really happened.
A) ascertain C) avert
B) assert D) ascribe
48. The government ______a heavy tax on tobacco, which aroused opposition from the tobacco industry.
A) pronounced C) complied
B) imposed D) prescribed
49. These continual _____in temperature make it impossible to decide what to wear.
A) transitions C) exchanges
B) transformations D) fluctuations
50. Elisabeth did not enter the museum at once, but _____in the courtyard.
A) resided C) lingered
B) dwelled D) delayed
51. It is a(n)______ that the French eat so much rich food and yet have a relatively low rate of heart disease.
A) analogy C) correlation
B) paradox D) illusion
52. It is one thing to locate oil, but it is quite another to _____ and transport it to the industrial centers.
A) permeate C) distinguish
B) extract D) concentrate
53. Students are expected to be quiet and _____ in an Asian classroom.
A) obedient C) skeptical
B) overwhelming D) subsidiary
54. Our reporter has just called to say that rescue teams will _____ to bring out the trapped miners.
A) effect C) conceive
B) affect D) endeavour
55. Parents often faced the ______ between doing what they felt was good for the development of the child and what they could stand by way of undisciplined noise and destructiveness.
A) paradox C) dilemma
B) junction D) premise
56. One of the examination questions_____ me completely and I couldn't answer it.
A) baffled C) provoked
B) mingled D) diverted
57. One witness ________ that he'd seen the suspect run out of the bank after it had been robbed.
A) convicted C) retorted
B) conformed D) testified
58. When she heard the bad news, her eyes _____ with tears as she struggled to control her emotions.
A) sparkled C) radiated
B) twinkled D) glittered
59. Many great scientists _____ their success to hard work.
A) portray C) impart
B) ascribe D) acknowledge
60. Call your doctor for advice if the_____ persist for more than a few days.
A) responses C) symptoms
B) signals D) reflections
61. We find it impossible to_____ with the latest safety regulations.
A) accord C) obey
B) unify D) comply
62. Professor Smith and Professor Brown will _____ in presenting the series of lectures on American literature.
A) alter C) substitute
B) alternate D) exchange
63. It is fortunate for the old couple that their son's career goals and their wishes for him ____.
A) coincide C) conform
B) comply D) collaborate
64. My grandfather, a retired worker, often ________ the past with a feeling of longing and respect.
A) considers C) contrives
B) contemplates D) contacts
65. The doctors ________ the newly approved drug into the patient when he was critically ill.
A) injected C) projected
B) ejected D) subjected
66. It took a lot of imagination to come up with such a(n) ________ plan.
A) inherent C) vigorous
B) ingenious D) exotic
67. He had an almost irresistible ________ to talk to the crowd when he entered Hyde Park.
A) impulse C) stimulation
B) instinct D) surge
68. He still ________ the memory of his carefree childhood spent in that small wooden house of his grandparents'.
A) nourishes C) fancies
B) cherishes D) scans
69. The microscope and telescope, with their capacity to enlarge, isolate and probe, demonstrate how details can be ________ and separated from the whole.
A) radiated C) prolonged
B) extended D) magnified
70. ________ efforts are needed in order to finish important but unpleasant tasks.
A) Consecutive C) Perpetual
B) Condensed D) Persistent
Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
When women do become managers, do they bring a different style and different skills to the job? Are they better, or worse, managers than men? Are women more highly motivated and __71__ than male managers?
Some research __72__ the idea that women bring different attitudes and skills to management jobs, such as greater __73__, an emphasis on affiliation and attachment, and a __74__ to bring emotional factors to bear __75__ making workplace decisions. These differences are __76_ to carry advantages for companies, __77__ they expand the range of techniques that can be used to __78__ the company manage its workforce __79__.
A study commissioned by the International Women's Forum __80__ a management style used by some women managers (and also by some men) that __81__ from the command-and-control style __82__ used by male managers. Using this "interactive leadership" approach, "women __83__ participation, share power and information, __84__ other people's self-worth, and get others excited about their work. All these __85__ reflect their belief that allowing __86__ to contribute and to feel __87__ and important is a win-win __88__-good for the employees and the organization." The study's director __89__ that "interactive leadership may emerge __90__ the management style of choice for many organizations."
71. A) confronted B) commanded C) confined D) committed
72. A) supports B) argues C) opposes D) despises
73. A) combination B) cooperativeness C) coherence D) correlation
74. A) willingness B) loyalty C) sensitivity D) virtue
75. A) by B) in C) at D) with
76. A) disclosed B) watched C) revised D) seen
77. A) therefore B) whereas C) because D) nonetheless
78. A) help B) enable C) support D) direct
79. A) evidently B) precisely C) aggressively D) effectively
80. A) developed B) invented C) discovered D) located
81. A) derives B) differs C) descends D) detaches
82. A) inherently B) traditionally C) conditionally D) occasionally
83. A) encourage B) dismiss C) disapprove D) engage
84. A) enhance B) enlarge C) ignore D) degrade
85. A) themes B) subjects C) researches D) things
86. A) managers B) women C) employees D) males
87. A) faithful B) powerful C) skillful D) thoughtful
88. A) situation B) status C) circumstance D) position
89. A) predicted B) proclaimed C) defied D) diagnosed
90. A) into B) from C) as D) for
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Rising Divorce Rates in China. You must base your composition on the following graph and outline (given in Chinese)