Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes )
1. A) It will reduce government revenues .
B) It will stimulate business activities.
C) It will mainly benefit the wealthy .
D) It will cut the stockholder’s dividends.
2. A) She will do her best if the job is worth doing .
B) She prefers a life of continued exploration .
C) She will stick to the job if the pay is good .
D) She doesn’t think much of job-hopping .
3. A) Stop thinking about the matter . B) Talk the drug user out of the habit .
C) Be more friendly to his schoolmate . D) Keep his distance from drug addicts .
4. A) The son . B) The father .
C)The mother D) Aunt Louise
5. A) Stay away for a couple of weeks . B) Check the locks every two weeks
C) Look after the Johnson’s house D) More to another place
6. A) He would like to warm up for the game .
B) He didn’t want to be held up in traffic .
C) He didn’t want to miss the game .
D) He wanted to catch as many game birds as possible
7. A) It was burned down B) It was robbed
C) It was blown up D It was closed down
8. A) She isn’t going to change her major
B) She plans to major in tax law
C) She studies in the same school as her brother
D) She isn’t going to work in her brother’s firm
9. A) The man should phone the hotel for directions
B) The man can ask the department store for help
C) She doesn’t have the hotel’s phone number .
D) The hotel is just around the corner .
10 .A) She doesn’t expect to finish all her work in thirty minutes
B) She has to do a lot of things within a short time
C) She has been overworking for a long time
D) She doesn’t know why there are so many things to do
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes )
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage .
Low-level slash-and-burn farming doesn’t harm rainforest . On the contrary , it helps farmers and improves forest soils . This is the unorthodox view of a German soil scientist who has shown that burnt clearings in the Amazon , dating back more than 1,000 years , helped create patches of rich , fertile soil that farmers still benefit form today .
Most rainforest soils are thin and poor because they lack minerals and because the heat and heavy rainfall destroy most organic matter in the soils within four years of it reaching the forest floor .This means topsoil contains few of the ingredients needed for long-term successful farming .
But Bruno Glaser , a soil scientist of the University of Bayreuth , has studied unexpected patches of fertile soils in the central Amazon .These soils contain lots of organic matter .
Glaser has shown that most of this fertile organic matter comes from “black carbon” –the organic particles from camp fires and charred (烧成炭的) wood left over from thousands of years of slash –and-burn farming . “The soils , known as Terra Preta , contained up to 70 times more black carbon than surrounding soils,” says Glaser .
Unburnt vegetation rots quickly , but black carbon persists in the soil for many centuries . Radiocarbon dating shows that the charred wood in Terra Preta soils is typically more than 1,000 years old .
“Slash-and –burn farming can be good for soils provided it doesn’t completely burn all the vegetation , and leaves behind charred wood ,” says Glaser . “It can be better than manure (粪肥).”Burning the forest just once can leave behind enough black carbon to keep the soil fertile for thousands of years . And rainforests easily regrow after small-scale clearing .Contrary to the conventional view that human activities damage the environment , Glaser says: “Black carbon combined with human wastes is responsible for the richness of Terra Preta soils .”
Terra Preta soils turn up in large patches all over the Amazon , where they are highly prized by farmers .All the patches fall within 500 square kilometers in the central Amazon .Glaser says the widespread presence of pottery (陶器) confirms the soil’s human origins .
The findings add weight to the theory that large areas of the Amazon have recovered so well from past periods of agricultural use that the regrowth has been mistaken by generations of biologists for “virgin” forest .
During the past decade , researchers have discovered hundreds of large earth works deep in the jungle .The are up to 20 meters high and cover up to a square kilometer .Glaser claims that these earth works ,built between AD 400 and 1400 , were at the heart of urban civilizations .Now it seems the richness of the Terra Preta soils may explain how such civilization managed to feed themselves .
11. We learn from the passage that the traditional view of slash-and-burn farming is that _______.
A) it does no harm to the topsoil of the rainforest
B) it destroys rainforest soils
C) it helps improve rainforest soils
D) it diminishes the organic matter in rainforest soils
12. Most rainforest soils are thin and poor because _______.
A) the composition of the topsoil is rather unstable
B) black carbon is washed away by heavy rains
C) organic matter is quickly lost due to heat and rain
D) long-term farming has exhausted the ingredients essential to plant growth
13. Glaser made his discovery by ______.
A) studying patches of fertile soils in the central Amazon
B) examining pottery left over by ancient civilizations
C) test-burning patches of trees in the central Amazon
D) radiocarbon- dating ingredients contained in forest soils
14. What does Glaser say about the regrowth of rain forests ?
A) They take centuries to regrow after being burnt
B) They cannot recover unless the vegetation is burnt completely
C) Their regrowth will be hampered by human habitation
D) They can recover easily after slash-and-burn farming
15. From the passage it can be inferred that ________.
A) human activites will do grave damage to rainforests
B) Amazon rainforest soils used to be the richest in the world
C) farming is responsible for the destruction of the Amazon rainforests
D) there once existed an urban civilization in the Amazon rainforests
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage .
As a wise man once said , we are all ultimately alone . But an increasing number of Europeans are choosing to be so at an ever earlier age. This isn’t the stuff of gloomy philosophical contemplations , but a fact of Europe’s new economic landscape , embraced by sociologists , real-estate developers and ad executives alike .The shift away from family life to solo lifestyle , observes a French sociologist , is part of the “irresistible momentum of individualism” over the last century .The communications revolution , the shift form a business culture of stability to one of mobility and the mass entry of women into the workforce have greatly wreaked havoc (扰乱) Europeans’ private lives .
Europe’s new economic climate has largely fostered the trend toward independence .The current generation of home-aloners came of age during Europe’s shift form social democracy to the sharper ,more individualistic climate of American-style capitalism .Raised in an era of privatization and increased consumer choice .today’s tech-savvy(精通技术的)workers have embraced a free and temperamentally independent enough to want to do so .
Once upo0n a time , people who lived alone tended to be those on either side of marriage-twenty something professionals or widowed senior citizens .While pensioners , particularly elderly women , make up a large proportion of those living alone , the newest crop of singles are high earners in their 30s and 40s who increasingly view living alone as a lifestyle choice .Living alone was conceived to be negative –dark and cold , while being together suggested warmth and light .But then came along the idea of singles .They were young , beautiful , strong ! Now , young people want to live alone .
The booming economy means people are working harder than ever .And that doesn’t leave much room for relationships .Pimpi Arroyo , a 35-year-old composer who lives alone in a house in Paris , says he hasn’t got time to get lonely because he has too much work . “I have deadlines which would make life with someone else fairly difficult .” Only an Ideal Woman would make him change his lifestyle , he says .Kaufann , author of a recent book called “The Single Woman and Prince Charming ,” thinks this fierce new individualism means that people expect more and more of mates , so relationships don’t last long-if they start at all .Eppendorf , a blond Berliner with a dee tan .teaches grade school in the mornings .In the afternoon she sunbathes or sleeps , resting up for going dancing .Just shy of 50, she says she’d never have wanted to do what her mother did-give up a career to raise a family . Instead , “I’ve always done what I wanted to do :live a self-determined life .”
16. More and more young Europeans remain single because ______.
A) they are driven by an overwhelming sense of individualism
B) they have entered the workforce at a much earlier age
C) they have embraced a business culture of stability
D) they are pessimistic about their economic future
17. What is said about Europeans society in the passage ?
A) It has fostered the trend towards small families.
B) It is getting closer to American –style capitalism
C) It has limited consumer choice despite a free market ,
D) It is being threatened by irresistible privatization
18. According to Paragraph 3, the newest group of singles are _______.
A) warm and lighthearted B) on either side of marriage
C) negative and gloomy D) healthy and wealthy
19. The author quotes Eppendorf to show that ______.
A) some modern women prefer a life of individual freedom
B) the family is no longer the basic unit of society in present-day Europe
C) some professional people have too much work to do to feel lonely
D) most Europeans conceive living a single life as unacceptable
20. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage ?
A) To review the impact of women becoming high earners
B) To contemplate the philosophy underlying individualism
C) To examine the trend of young people living alone
D) To stress the rebuilding of personal relationships .
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage .
Supporters of the biotech industry have accused an American scientist of misconduct after she testified to the New Zealand government that a genetically modified (GM) bacterium could cause serious damage if released .
The New Zealand Life Sciences Network , an association of pro-GM scientists and organizations , says the view expressed by Elaine Ingham , a soil biologist at Oregon State University in Corvallis .was exaggerated and irresponsible .It has asked her university to discipline her.
But Ingham stands by her comments and says the complaints are an attempt to silence her. “They’re trying to cause trouble with my university and get me fired .” Ingham told New scientist.
The controversy began on I February , when Ingham testified before New Zealand’s Royal Commission on Genetic Modification , which will determine how to regulate GM organisms . Ingham claimed that a GM version of a common soil bacterium could spread and destroy plants if released into the wild .Other researchers had previously modified the bacterium to produce alcohol from organic waste .But Ingham says that when she put it in soil with wheat plants , all of the plants died within a week .
“we would lose terrestrial (陆生的)plants…this is an organism that is potentially deadly to the continued survival of human beings ,”she told the commission. She added that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) canceled its approval for field tests using the organism once she had told them about her research in 1999.
But last week the New Zealand Life Sciences Network accused Ingham of “presenting inaccurate , careless and exaggerated information” and “generating speculative doomsday scenarios(世界末日的局面) that are not scientifically supportable”. They say that her study doesn’t even show that the bacteria would survive in the wild , much less kill massive numbers of plants. What’s more, the network says that contrary to Ingham’s claims , the EPA was never asked to consider the organism for field trials .
The EPA has not commented on the dispute .But an e-mail to the network from Janet Anderson , director of the EPA’s bio-pesticides(生物杀虫剂)division , says “there is no record of a review and/or clearance to field test” the organism .
Ingham says EPA officials had told her that the organism was approved for field tests , but says she has few details .It’s also not clear whether the organism , first engineered by a German institute for biotechnology , is still in use .
Whether Ingham is right or wrong , her supporters say opponents are trying unfairly to silence her .
“I think her concerns should be taken seriously .she shouldn’t be harassed in this way,” says Ann Clarke .a plant biologist at the University of Guelph in Canada who also testified before the commission . “It’s an attempt to silence the opposition .”
21. The passage centers on the controversy _______.
A) between American and New Zealand biologists over genetic modification
B) as to whether the study of genetic modification should be continued
C) over the possible adverse effect of a GM bacterium on plants
D) about whether Elaine Ingham should be fired by her university
22. Ingham insists that her testimony is based on ________.
A) evidence provided by the EPA of the United States
B) the results of an experiment she conducted herself
C) evidence from her collaborative research with German biologists
D) the results of extensive field tests in Corvallis, Oregon
23. According to Janet Anderson , the EPA _________.
A) has cancelled its approval for field tests of the GM organism
B) hasn’t reviewed the findings of Ingham’s research
C) has approved field tests using the GM organism
D) hasn’t given permission to field test the GM organism
24. According to Ann Clarke , the New Zealand Life Sciences Network_______.
A) should gather evidence to discredit Ingham’s claims
B) should require that the research by their biologists be regulated
C) shouldn’t demand that Ingham be disciplined for voicing her views
D) shouldn’t appease the opposition in such a quiet way
25. Which of the following statements about Ingham is TRUE?
A) Her testimony hasn’t been supported by the EPA .
B) her credibility as a scientist hasn’t been undermined
C) She is firmly supported by her university .
D) She has made great contributions to the study of GM bacteria .
Every fall, like clockwork, Linda Krentz of Beaverton, Oregon, felt her brain go on strike, “I just couldn’t get going in the morning,” she says. “I’d get depressed and gain 10 pounds every winter and lose them again in the spring.” Then she read about seasonal affective disorder, a form of depression that occurs in fall and winter, and she saw the light – literally. Every morning now she turns on a specially constructed light box for half an hour and sits in front of in to trick her brain into thinking it’s still enjoying those long summer days, It seems to work.
Krentz is not alone. Scientists estimate that 10 million Americans suffer from seasonal depression and 25 million more develop milder versions. But there’s never been definitive proof that treatment with very bright lights makes a difference. After all, it’s hard to do a double-blind test when the subjects can see for themselves whether or not the light is on. That’s why nobody has ever separated the real effects of light therapy from placebo(安慰剂)effects.
Until now. in three separate studies published last month, researchers report not only that light therapy works better than a placebo but that treatment is usually more effective in the early morning than in the evening. In two of the groups, the placebo problem was resolved by telling patients they were comparing light boxes to a new anti-depressant device that emits negatively charged ions(离子). The third used the timing of light therapy as the control.
Why docs light therapy work? No one really knows, “Our research suggests it has something to do with shifting the body’s internal clock.” Says psychiatrist Dr. Lewey. The body is programmed to start the day with sunrise, he explains, and this gets later as the days get shorter, But why such subtle shifts make some people depressed and not others is a mystery.
That hasn’t stopped thousands of winter depressives from trying to heal themselves. Light boxes for that purpose are available without a doctor’s prescription. That bothers psychologist Michael Terman of Columbia University. He is worried that the boxes may be tried by patients who suffer from mental illness that can’t be treated with light. Terman has developed a questionnaire to help determine whether expert care is needed.
In any event, you should choose a reputable manufacturer. Whatever product you use should emit only visible light, because ultraviolet light damages the eyes. If you are photosensitive(对光敏感的).you may develop a rash, Otherwise, the main drawback is having to sit in front of the light for 30 to 60 minutes in the morning. That’s an inconvenience many winter depressives can live with.
26. What is the probable cause of Krentz’s problem ?
A) An unexpected gain in body weight .
B) Unexplained impairment of her nervous system .
C) Weakening of her eyesight with the setting in of winter .
D) Poor adjustment of her body clock to seasonal changes .
27. By saying that Linda Krentz “saw the light (Line 4,Para .1 ), the author means that she “________.”
A) learned how to lose weight B)realized what her problem was
C) came to see the importance of light D) became light-hearted and cheerful
28.What is the CURRENT view concerning the treatment of seasonal depression with bright lights ?
A)Its effect remains to be seen B) realized what her problem was
C) came to see the importance of light D) became light-hearted and cheerful
29. What is psychologist Michael Terman’s major concern?
A) Winter depressives will be addicted to using light boxes .
B) No mental patients would bother to consult psychiatrists
C) Inferior light boxes will emit harmful ultraviolet lights
D) Light therapy could be misused by certain mental patients.
30.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) Winter depressives prefer light therapy in spite of its inconvenience .
B) Light therapy increases the patient’s photosensitivity.
C) Eye damage is a side effect of light therapy .
D) Light boxes can be programmed to correspond to shifts in the body clock .
Partlll vocabulary (20minutes)
31.Susan has______ the elbows of her son’s jacket with leather patches to make it more durable.
A) reinforced B) sustained C) steadied D) confirmed
32.Although we tried to concentrate on the lecture, we were_______ by the noise from the next room.
A) distracted B) displaced C) dispersed D)discarded
33.The reason why so many children like to eat this new brand of biscuit is that it is particularly sweet and_________.
A) fragile B) feeble C) brisk D) crisp
34.Don’t trust the speaker any more, since the remarks ht made in his lectures are never______ with the facts.
A) symmetrical B)comparative C) compatible D) harmonious
35.They had to eat a(n)_______ meal, or they would be too late for the concert.
A) temporary B)hasty C) immediate D) urgent
36. Having a(n)__________ attitude towards people with different ideas is an indication that one has been well educated.
A) analytical B)bearable C) elastic D) tolerant
37. No form of government in the world is _______ ; each system reflects the history and present needs of the region or the nation.
A) dominant B) influential C)integral D) drastic
38. In spite of the ________ economic forecast, manufacturing output has risen slightly.
A)faint B)dizzy C)gloomy D)opaque
39. Too often Dr. Johnson’s lectures _______ how to protect the doctor rather than how to cure the patient.
A) look to B)dwell on C)permeate into D) shrug off
40. Located in Washington D.C., the Library of Congress contains an impressive______ of books on every conceivable subject.
A) flock B)configuration C) pile D) array
41. Some felt that they were hurrying into an epoch of unprecedented enlightenment, in which better education and beneficial technology would________ wealth and leisure for all.
A) maintain B)ensure C) certify D)console
42. Fiber-optic cables can carry hundreds of telephone conversations_________.
A) homogeneously B) spontaneously C) simultaneously D) ingeniously
43. Excellent films are those which ______ national and cultural barriers.
A) transcend B)traverse C) abolish D) suppress
44. The law of supply and demand will eventually take care of a shortage or ______ of dentists.
A)surge B)surplus C) flush D) fluctuation
45. One third of the Chinese in the United States live in California,_______ in the San Francisco area.
A) remarkably B) severely C) drastically D)predominantly
46. After the terrible accident, I discovered that my ear was becoming less _______.
A) sensible B) sensitive C) sentimental D) sensational
47. Now the cheers and applause _______ in a single sustained roar.
A) mingled B) tangled C) baffled D) huddled
48. Among all the public holidays, National Day seems to be the most joyful to the people of the country; on that day the whole country is ________ in a festival atmosphere.
A) trapped B) sunk C) soaked D) immersed
49. the wooden cases must be secured by overall metal strapping so that they can be strong enough to stand rough handling during _______.
A) transit B) motion C) shift D) traffic
50. Nowadays many rural people flock to the city to look for jobs in the assumption that streets there are _______ with gold.
A) overwhelmed B) stocked C) paved D) overlapped
51. It is a well-known fact that the cat family ______ lions and tigers.
A) enriches B) accommodates C) adopts D) embraces
52. My boss has failed me so many times that I no longer place any ______ on what he promises.
A) assurance B) probability C) reliance D) conformity
53. The English language contains a ______ of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.
A) latitude B) multitude C) magnitude D) longitude
54. It was such a(n) ______ when pat and mike met each other in Tokyo. Each thought that the other was still in Hong Kong.
A) occurrence B) coincidence C) fancy D) destiny
55. Parents have to learn how to follow a baby’s behavior and adapt the tone of their ______ to the baby’s capabilities.
A) perceptions B) consultations C) interactions D) interruptions
56. Governments today play an increasingly larger role in the _______ of welfare, economics and education.
A) scopes B) ranges C) ranks D) domains
57. If businessmen are taxed too much, they will no longer be ______ to work hard, with the resuli that tax revenues might actually shrink.
A) cultivated B) licensed C) motivated D) innovated
58. Jack is not very decisive, and he always finds himself in a _______ as if he doesn’t know what he really wants to do.
A) fantasy B) dilemma C) contradiction D) conflict
59. He is a promising young man who is now studying at our graduate school. As his supervisor, I would like to ______ him to your notice.
A) commend B) decree C) presume D) articulate
60. It was a wonderful occasion which we will ________ for many years to come.
A) conceive B) clutch C) contrive D)cherish
Although there are many skillful Braille readers. Thousands of other blind people find it difficult to learn that system. They are thereby shut___61_____ from the world of books and newspapers, having to __62_____ on friends to read aloud to them.
A young scientist named Raymond Kurzweil has now designed a computer which is a major ____63_____ in providing aid to the ____64_____. His machine, Cyclops, has a camera that ____65_____ any page, interprets the print into sounds. And then delivers them orally in a robot-like ______66____ through a speaker. By pressing the appropriate buttons ___67_____ Cyclops’s keyboard, a blind person can “read” any ____68_____ document in the English language.
This remarkable invention represents a tremendous ____69______ forward in the education of the handicapped. At present, Cyclops costs $50,000. _____70_____, Mr. Kurzweil and his associates are preparing a smaller ___71_____ improved version that will sell _____72____ less than half that price. Within a few years, Kurzweil ____73_____ the price range will be low enough for every school and library to ____74___ one. Michael Hingson, Director of the National Federation for the Blind, hopes that _____75____ will be able to buy home ___76____ of Cyclops for the price of a good television set.
Mr. Hingson’s organization purchased five machines and is now testing them in Maryland. Colorado, Iowa, California, and New York. Blind people have been ____77____ in those tests, making lots of ____78_____ suggestions to the engineers who helped to produce Cyclops.
“This is the first time that blind people have ever done individual studies _____79___ a product was put on the market,” Hingson said. “Most manufacturers believed that having the blind help the blind was like telling disabled people to teach other disabled people. In that___80___ . The manufacturers have been the blind ones.”
61. A) up B) down C) in D) off
62. A) dwell B) rely C) press D) urge
63. A) execution B) distinction C) breakthrough D) process
64. A) paralyzed B) uneducated C) invisible D) sightless
65. A) scans B) enlarges C) sketches D) projects
66. A) behavior B) expression C) movement D) voice
67. A) on B) at C) in D) from
68. A) visual B) printed C) virtual D) spoken
69. A) stride B) trail C) haul D) footprint
70. A) Likewise B) Moreover C) However D) Though
71. A) but B) than C) or D) then
72. A) on B) for C) through D) to
73. A) estimates B) considers C) counts D) determines
74. A) settle B) own C) invest D) retain
75. A) schools B) children C) families D) companies
76. A) models B) modes C) cases D) collection
77. A) producing B) researching C) ascertaining D) assisting
78. A) true B) valuable C) authentic D) pleasant
79. A) after B) when C) before D) as
80. A) occasion B) moment C) sense D) event
Section B Compound Dictation
Certain phrases one commonly hears among Americans capture their devotion to individualism: “Do you own thing.” “I did it my way,” “You’ll have to decided that for yourself.” “You made your bed, now(S1)in it.” “if you don’t look out for yourself.” No one else will.” “Look out for number one.”
Closely (S2) with the value they place on individualism is the importance Americans (S3) to privacy. Americans assume that people “need some time to themselves” or “some time alone” to think about things or recover their (S4) psychological energy. Americans have great(S5) understanding foreigners who always want to be with another person, who dislike being alone.
If the parents can (S6) it, each child will have his or her own bedroom. Having one’s own bedroom, even as an(S7), fixed in a person the notion that (S8). She will have her clothes, her books, and so on . these things will be hers and no one else’s.
Americans assumer that (S9). Doctors, lawyers, psychologists, and others have rules governing “confidentiality” that are intended to prevent information about their clients’ personal situations form becoming known to others.
American’s attitude about privacy can be hard for foreigners to understand. (S10). When those boundaries are crossed, an American’s body will visibly stiffen and his manner will become cool and aloof.
In this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled say No to Pirated Products.
1-5 CBDCA 6-10 CBDAB 11-15 BCADD 16-20 ABDAC
21-25 CBDCA 26-30 DBCDA 31-35 AADCB 41-45 BCABD
46-50 BADAC 51-55 DCBBA 56-60 DCBAD 61-65 DBCDA
66-70 DABAC 71-75 ABABC 76-80 ADBCC
S1 lie S2 associated S3 assign S4 spent
S5 difficulty S6 afford S7 infant
S8 she is entitled to a place of her own where she can be by herself , and keep her possessions
S9 people will have their private thoughts that might never be shared with anyone .
S10 American’s houses, yards and even offices can seem open and inviting .Yet in the minds of Americans , there boundaries that other people are simply not supposed to cross .